WAR HARMS EVERYONE, ESPECIALLY CHILDREN.
conflicts are a global scourge with devastating effects on children. Estimated
numbers of child victims of armed conflicts during the past decade:
or separated from their families: more than 1 million.
Psychologically traumatized: some 10 million.
years, in some 25 countries, thousands of children under age 16 have fought in
wars. In 1988 alone, there were as many as 200,000 child combatants.
AND DISPLACED POPULATIONS
53 million people - one out of every 115 people on earth - were uprooted from
their homes, either displaced within their countries or refugees across borders.
and children usually comprise 80% of the refugee and displaced populations.
5% of refugee populations - often more in cases of panic evacuation - are children
separated from their families.
emotional, as well as physical, scars on children - trauma that can cause long-term
developmental difficulties unless recognized and treated.
UNICEF survey of 3,000 children in Rwanda in 1995 found that they had been exposed
to "unprecedented levels of exposure to traumatic events" during the
genocidal massacres in 1994: over 95% of the children witnessed massacres, and
over a third had seen the murders of family members; almost all believed they
would die; and nearly two thirds were threatened with death. Over 80% had had
to hide to protect themselves, many for up to 8 weeks or longer.
countries, an estimated 110 million of these hidden killers - 1 for every 20 children
around the world - lie in wait for unsuspecting footfalls.
costs: $3 to $10 to buy one; $300 to $1000 to remove one.
costs: 800 deaths a month, mostly innocent civilians, with thousands more maimed
taken from Unicef; the Voices of Youth at www.unicef.org)